Weekend Hashtag Project: #WHPillusion – Phenakistoscope, Zoetrope and Pre-Film Animation
on February 4, 2018 in
Weekend Hashtag Project: #WHPillusion
Weekend Hashtag Project is a series featuring designated themes and hashtags chosen by Instagram’s Community Team.
This weekend, the goal was to take photos and videos that create optical illusions.
Wheel of Life
One of the more interesting animations and optical illusions I have seen are a pre-film animation that creates the illusion of motion called a zoetrope and phenakistoscope.
The name zoetrope is from the Greek root words ζωή zoe, “life” and τρόπος tropos, “turning” as a transliteration of “wheel of life”. The term was coined by inventor William E. Lincoln
- The Projection Phenakistiscope uses two discs, one with sequential images, the other with a single slot through which the user views the animation. Using a pulley and handle system, the two discs turn in contra-rotation, producing a motion picture on the screen.
- It was invented almost simulaneously in 1832 by Joseph Antoine Ferdinand Plateau and Simon Ritter von Stampfer (following studies done by Michael Faraday), Plateau coined the name “phenakistoscope”, from the greek φενακίζω (phenakizō) to lie or deceive.
- Plateau was the first to realize that a frame rate of at least 16 images per second was required for a sense of continuous motion, and that there had to be a resting period between images for a perfect illusion.
- In 1879, Émile Reynaud invented the praxinoscope, a device that combined features of both the phenakistoscope and the zoetrope to produce an image of a rotating cylinder viewed through a set of rotating mirrors.
- In 1872, Reynaud further refined his invention to produce a the projecting praxinoscope, which could project moving images onto a screen.
- In 1888, Thomas Edison patented a motorized version of the Zoetrope called the Kinetoscope, which projected a series of photographic images.
Initially we set up the animation sequence
But how to animate in After Effects?
We headed on over to Adobe Education Exchange and found a short tutorial by Kev Lavery @KevLaveryMedia called “Zoetropes in After Effects”
It runs through one method of creating a zoetrope effect in After Effects.
Hope you like.
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Multi-instrumentalist and director Olivia Hadjiioannou as the artist Oh. has been honored for her ingenuity, innovation and creativity in music and video with multiple international awards. She made her debut as Oh. on the international music scene with the award-winning music video, "Trials" in 2013 – cited as one of the 50 top events to mark Greece during the economic crisis. With the advances of immersive video, she released her single "Love of Avalanches", mentioned in Huffington Post as one of first 360-degree immersive VR videos released by a Greek artist on YouTube in 2016.
The music video "Red Lion" is presently a winner and official selection in 12 film festivals worldwide. Winner of Best Music Video award in the inaugural French Riviera Film Festival (FRFF) in Cannes, France. Winner Best Music Video at the Cosmocinema Film Festival in London. Winner of the Best Music Video Short in The Psychedelic and Transpersonal Film and Music Festival that took place on May 25, 2019 at The Producer’s Club in New York City. Winner Best Experimental Mixed Media Short Film at the Paleochora Lost World Short Film Festival in Southwestern Crete in Greece. Read more in her Bio and EPK
The EP “Metallia” has received over 32 reviews from 13 countries worldwide, is in top 10 progressive rock and metal charts and listed as one of the best albums of the year for 2018 on Metal Nation Radio.
“Metallia” by Oh. is an epical prog-metal composition in six parts. A multi-layered sonic piece of ravishing solo electric guitars, time-bending tempo shifts, grooving bass lines and deranged drums.
This instrumental progressive metal album will reveal its intricacies and hidden depths over time. It will extract from your mind pure visions, to mend your mental pictures, preen presumptions and to elicit an element of the unexpected…. because that is what will transmute your subliminal mind map into a remarkable blueprint which will lead you from wherever you are now, to wherever you want to be.
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